West Bengal, is bounded on the north by Bhutan and the state of Sikkim , on the east by Bangladesh and the state of Assam , on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the southwest by the state of Orissa & Jharkhand, on the northwest by Nepal and the statÂ e of Bihar and on the south by Bay of Bengal. Its capital, Kolkata is one of the largest and most developed cities in India. The vast majority of the people in West Bengal are the Bengalis. The other communities in the state are Sherpas, Gorkhas andPÂ aharis, residing in the hilly regions of West Bengal. The mysterious land of West Bengal has many reasons to attract the tourists. The land of rich culture and heritage has a unique feature: it is the only state in India, which has historical sitesÂ , forests, beaches, snow-capped mountain ranges and rare wildlife. The state has an unmatched rich cultural treasure. Earlier known as Vanga, history of West Bengal dates back to the times of Gupta dynasty. The state has seen rise and falls of manydyÂ nasties and rulers. Bengal came under Islamic rule starting in the 13th century, and developed into a wealthy centre of trade and industry under the Mughal Empire during the 16th century.